How to Stage and Take Product Photos: From Smaller Items to Furniture

Jun 14, 24

How to Stage and Take Product Photos: From Smaller Items to Furniture

In the world of e-commerce, high-quality product photos are essential for capturing the attention of potential customers and driving sales. Whether you're photographing small items like jewelry or larger pieces like furniture, the principles of staging and shooting remain crucial. This guide will walk you through the steps to create stunning product photos, regardless of the size of the item.

Understanding Product Photography

Product photography is more than just clicking a button. It's an art that combines lighting, composition, and editing to showcase products in the best possible light. Good product photos highlight the product’s features, quality, and details, making it irresistible to potential buyers.

Essential Equipment for Product Photography

Cameras and Lenses

While smartphones can capture decent product photos, a DSLR or mirrorless camera with a good lens will produce higher-quality images. For small items, a macro lens is ideal, while a standard zoom lens works well for larger products.


A sturdy tripod is essential for keeping your camera steady and achieving sharp images. It also allows for consistent framing and easy adjustments between shots.


Proper lighting is crucial. Natural light is great, but having softbox lights or LED panels gives you control over the lighting environment. Use a lightbox for smaller items to ensure even lighting and eliminate shadows.

Backdrops and Props

A clean, uncluttered background keeps the focus on the product. White, black, or neutral-colored backdrops work best. Props can add context and style to your photos but should not distract from the main item.

Reflectors and Diffusers

Reflectors help bounce light back onto the product, reducing shadows, while diffusers soften harsh light, creating a more flattering appearance.

Staging Your Product

Smaller Items

Jewelry and Accessories

Background: Use a lightbox or a clean, neutral-colored surface.
Positioning: Place the item at the center of the frame. Use props sparingly, like a jewelry stand or decorative elements that enhance the item.
Lighting: Use soft, diffused lighting to reduce harsh shadows and bring out the details and sparkle.

Tech Gadgets

Background: A plain white or black background works best.
Positioning: Show the product from multiple angles. Highlight key features like screens, ports, and buttons.
Lighting: Ensure even lighting to avoid reflections and glare.

Medium-Sized Items


Background: Use a kitchen setup or a plain background with subtle props like cutting boards or kitchen towels.
Positioning: Show the product in use. For example, a knife cutting vegetables or a pot on the stove.
Lighting: Natural light from a window or softbox lighting works well to keep the scene looking natural.

Home Decor

Background: Use a living room or bedroom setup for context.
Positioning: Arrange the items as they would be used in real life. For example, pillows on a couch or vases on a table.
Lighting: Natural light or diffused artificial light to create a cozy atmosphere.

Large Items


Background: Use a room setup that matches the style of the furniture.
Positioning: Showcase the furniture in different angles and close-ups to highlight details like fabric texture and craftsmanship.
Lighting: Use multiple light sources to avoid shadows. Natural light combined with softbox lighting often produces the best results.

Shooting Techniques

Angles and Perspectives

Small Items: Use close-up shots and macro photography to capture intricate details.
Medium Items: Use a combination of close-ups and wider shots to show both details and the item in context.
Large Items: Use wide-angle shots to capture the full item and detailed shots to highlight specific features.


Maintain consistency in your photos to create a cohesive look across your product range. Use the same lighting setup, background, and camera settings for all products.

Focus and Depth of Field

For smaller items, a shallow depth of field can highlight the product while blurring the background. For larger items, ensure the entire product is in focus by using a smaller aperture.

Editing Your Photos

Basic Edits

Brightness and Contrast: Adjust to make the product stand out.
Color Correction: Ensure the colors in the photo match the actual product.
Cropping: Crop the image to remove any unnecessary background and focus on the product.

Advanced Edits

Retouching: Remove any imperfections or dust spots.
Background Removal: For a clean look, consider removing the background entirely and replacing it with a solid color or a gradient.
Enhancing Details: Use sharpening tools to bring out fine details in the product.

Optimizing for SEO

File Names

Rename your images with descriptive, keyword-rich names before uploading them to your website. For example, instead of IMG_1234.jpg, use something like vintage-wooden-chair.jpg.

Alt Text

Write descriptive alt text for each image. This not only helps with SEO but also improves accessibility for visually impaired users. For instance, "Handcrafted wooden chair with a vintage finish."

Image Size

Optimize your image file sizes to ensure fast loading times on your website. Use tools like TinyPNG or JPEG-Optimizer to compress images without losing quality.

Conclusion: Mastering Product Photography

Staging and taking product photos is an essential skill for any e-commerce business. By using the right equipment, mastering lighting and composition, and refining your images through editing, you can create stunning product photos that captivate your audience and drive sales. Whether you're photographing small items or large furniture pieces, the key is to showcase your products in the best possible light and let their quality shine through.


What is the best camera for product photography?
While smartphones can work, a DSLR or mirrorless camera with a good lens will provide higher-quality images. Look for a camera with manual settings to have full control over your shots.

How can I avoid shadows in my product photos?
Use soft, diffused lighting and multiple light sources to minimize shadows. Reflectors can also help bounce light back onto the product to reduce shadows.

Do I need a professional studio for product photography?
No, you can create a simple home studio with a few key pieces of equipment like a lightbox, softbox lights, and a tripod. The key is to control your lighting environment.

How do I make my product photos look professional?
Focus on good lighting, clean backgrounds, and sharp images. Pay attention to details and edit your photos to enhance their quality. Consistency in your photos also adds a professional touch.

Can I use props in my product photos?
Yes, but use them sparingly. Props should enhance the product and not distract from it. They can add context and style but keep the main focus on the product itself.

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